Our spine is formed by small vertebrae (bones) that are cushioned by discs to keep them in shape. These discs are round in the shape of a small pillow with a tough exterior (annulus) to protect the nucleus. These discs are located in between vertebra to act as a shock absorber for our spinal bones.
If the disc is damaged (i.e., slipped, ruptured, or bulged), it is called a herniated disc. This removes the support to our annulus and moves out to the spinal canal, which has very little space. The displaced disc then presses on the spinal nerves, producing pain, which is unbearable in many cases. Herniated discs can occur in any part of our spine is a common cause of pain in our lower back and neck.
For more information, consult Dr. Stanley O Ikezi, an experienced Double Board Certified Pain Management Specialist in New York City.